What are Biomass Pellets?

Biomass Pellets are a type of fuel that is made from compressed organic material. These Pellets are made from any of the five categories of biomass that are industrial waste, food waste, agricultural or forest waste, energy crops and untreated wood. Compressed organic materials such as wood chips and sawdust are used in the making of these pellets. These materials are compressed into small pellets that are typically around 6-8 mm in diameter and 10-30 mm in length. Wooden pellets are the most common form of biomass pellets and are made from sawdust. The heating value, moisture and ash content, and size of pellets are used to classify these pellets. They can be used as fuels for generating electricity, cooking, and for the purpose of residential and commercial heating.

India started co-firing biomass pellets in coal-fired power plants around the area of its capital city Delhi in 2019 to lessen the air pollution brought on by the burning of stubble and biomass on open fields to prepare the soil for the next crop. There are plans to use biomass pellets for power generation across the nation in order to replace the equivalent amount of imported coal with almost 145 million tonnes of agricultural waste.

Why Biomass Pellets?

Biomass pellets have many advantages over other types of fuel, which is why they are becoming increasingly popular as a source of renewable energy. Here are some of the main reasons why one should use biomass pellets:

Renewable and Sustainable: Biomass pellets are made from renewable organic materials, such as wood, agricultural crops and waste, that are sustainable and can be refilled. This makes them a more environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels, which are finite and non-renewable.

Carbon Neutral: Burning biomass pellets releases carbon dioxide, but since the carbon is absorbed by plants during their growth, the net emissions are close to zero, making them a carbon-neutral fuel.

Low Emissions: Compared to fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas, there are very few emissions from biomass pellets. They emit less sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, which can have harmful effects on human health and the environment.

Cost-effective: The cost of biomass pellets is generally less than the cost of fossil fuels. They can also be produced locally, reducing transportation costs and boosting the local economy.

Versatile: Biomass pellets can be used for a variety of applications, such as heating, electricity generation, cooking, and animal feed. They can be used in a variety of stoves, boilers, and furnaces, making them a versatile fuel source.

Biomass Energy

The term "green coal" is often used to describe biomass pellets, a type of clean energy and environmental protection. Wood straw, rice straw, white straw, and peanut shells are just a few of the abundant raw materials utilised to make biomass fuel. Statistics show that China consumes more than 2 billion tonnes of biomass annually, of which agricultural and forestry waste make up 1/3 and 2/3, respectively. Biomass solid pellets function well and are pollution-free. The calorific value of biomass solidifying fuel is slightly lower than that of anthracite coal; 1.3 tonnes of biomass fuel can replace 1 tonne of anthracite; however, the combustion performance of biomass fuel is better than that of coal; there is no black smoke, and the emissions of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and soot are significantly lower than those of coal, making biomass solidifying fuel a widely recognised clean energy. In order to improve rural living conditions, farmers' quality of life, and income, it is important to encourage the use of biomass solidifying fuel in rural areas. This will also help to increase rural environmental awareness and energy conservation awareness, which will help to alleviate energy shortages and ensure energy security. It has broad implications for rural economic development, adjusting the energy system, new rural construction, and protecting the environment.

Five Advantages

Clean and environmentally friendly energy: It burns without producing any smoke or flavor, has a lower sulfur, ash, or nitrogen content than coal, oil, or other fossil fuels, and is hence referred to as "green coal" around the globe.

Low manufacturing cost and high added value: The country's foremost advocate of clean energy, the biomass-produced fuel has a large market and high calorific value, while costing little to use compared to petroleum.

Density increases convenient storage and transportation: After being compressed, the fuel has the benefit of having a small volume and a high density, making it simple to convert, store, transport, and utilise continuously.

High efficiency and energy saving: High volatile, high carbon activity, just 1/20 the amount of ash as coal, very little ash in waste heat, and a burning rate of more than 98%.

Wide application and strong applicability: The manufactured fuel can be widely used in industrial and agricultural production, applied in power generation, heating, cooking, etc.

Energy Saving Advantages

Natural gas, oil, coal, and other fossil fuels are gradually becoming less abundant as the world's population grows, and their prices are also rising. The users' primary expense has become high energy usage. Natural gas, wind power, ground source heat pumps, oil, and other fuels have higher running costs than biomass-based fuel boilers, which range from 40% to 80% lower. Following the State Council's broad restriction on coal-fired small boilers, biomass boilers will be the primary option, both in terms of initial investment and operational costs. Comparison of heat source running costs for various heat energy equipment For example, to heat one ton of water from 15 degree to 55 degree, the heat required is 40000 kcal.

Why Biomass Pellets From Us?

Our pellets are manufactured with consistent quality, ensuring that users can rely on them for their energy needs.

They are also economically friendly, providing users with a cost-effective alternative to other energy sources.

The high calorific value of our pallets ranges between 4000-4650k. cal./kg., ensures that users get a lot of energy from a small number of pellets.

Our pellets are environmentally friendly, as they don’t emit any sulfur or phosphorous fumes and there is no need for expensive pollution control equipment.

The size of our pellets makes them easy to handle and store. We have a facility for sizes ranging from 6mm to 10mm.

The ash content in our bio pellets is from 3.5% to 7%.

Our daily production capacity is 300 tons per day with an expansion plan to 1000 tons per day.

Our pellets have a low moisture percentage of 2-5% compared to lignite, firewood, and coal which can have moisture percentages of 35-50%. This low moisture content means that our pellets burn more efficiently, providing even more energy to users.

Our plant for manufacturing biomass pellets spreads over an area of 1000 acres.

Indian Government Views On Biomass Pellets

On October 8, 2021, the Ministry of Power released a revised policy on the use of biomass for power generation through co-firing in coal-based power plants. With effect, one year after the date of issuing of this regulation, the use of 5% biomass pellets composed mostly of agricultural waste and coal in thermal power plants is required. With effect, two years following the date of issuing of this regulation, the requirement to use biomass pellets in thermal power plants will rise to 7%.

39 thermal power units have begun combining the burning of coal with agricultural residue pellets. The total amount of biomass used up to November 30, 2022, was 85477 MT.

The Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy, Shri R.K. Singh, provided this information in a written reply in Lok Sabha.